At the end of 2018, Pakistani government signed legislation that integrates the previously known Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), a semi-autonomous tribal region, into Pakistani governmental structure.
The region has been struggled with massive influx of Afghan refugees, religious radicalization and proliferation of weapons; and have become home for Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and other militant groups, including affilate of the self-proclaimed Islamic State. Hundreds, thousands, of people have died during decades of lawlessness as the sectarian militant groups continue to target security forces and civilians.
Previously, the government had imposed several policies to deweaponize the area, yet the increasing threat of sectarian groups resulted in civilians’ hesitance in giving up their weapons to protect themselves, as well as the militias’ insecurities of not being able to strike when needed. Now that the Pakistani government have taken step to integrate the region, the council will have to discuss how disarmament can be done to all armed groups, opening the gate of peacebuilding in the region.
Advancement of technology, including the ease of global travel, had dramatically change the way the international communities live; including in terms of crime and law enforcement. Cross-border crime arises from time to time, taking advantage of the differences between legal systems, the clash of bureaucracies, and sovereignty.
Established in 1967, ASEAN is committed to strenghten ASEAN’s resilience and capacity to combat cross-border crime and enhance cooperation to respect the rule of law. Extradition came into the discussion as this legal cooperation scheme have not yet been defined clearly in the region, while at the same time facing challenges of sovereignty, a concept that is supremely regarded in the organization.
Development project is one of major ways to enhance infrastructure, aiming to provide better living for many citizens. Yet empirically, although development projects indeed bring great benefits for society, especially economical gains; the other side of the coin proves that the practice have also been bringing doom to many marginalized group of people who are unwillingly put into the expense for what claimed as ‘greater good’: the most common case in the Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement. The UNDP will have to discuss the problem lies within development projects, and how to make the projects result in equal and fair benefit for all parts of society.
The tripartite system of ILO is the organization’s particular feature that has widely recognized as “revolutionary”, aiming to bring better representation of the key actors in industry: workers, employers, and government. Yet as the world develops, so does the industrial pattern—another type of industries arise, such as small-scale business, startups, and gig economy, not to mention the upcoming new wave of industrial revolution.
This pose another issue put into question: does the current tripartite system remain effective? Is it successful to address contemporary labor issue? Critics also question the ILO low ratification rate; and diversity among civil society has also rise skepticism whether employer and worker member of ILO is representative enough in the context of labor and business situation in a country. This council will be reassessing the backbone structure of its own organization, in order to better address the mandate of ILO in the future.
South China Sea has been one of the most disputed areas in recent years. While international global politics and security is unpredictable, this council serves as visionary scenario in which several key states decide to increase their military presence in the area, raising tensions in the region, including ASEAN, People’s Republic of China, and other states who claim interests. The council will be required to discuss peaceful diplomatic resolution of the matter, to ensure security and stability, preventing heightened dispute that will cost lives.
1962 was a period of unrest and uncertainty for Southeast Asia. Among all wars happening in corners of the region, two emerging forces within the region was about to be faced with contestious encounters. Soekarno’s goal to establish Politik Mercusuar, Non-Aligned Movement, and the NASAKOM aimed to lead the region and fend off expansion of superpowers in favor of their own strength. The Federation of Malaya was then seen as threat to these objectives, as Soekarno believed it would only be puppet state of the United Kingdom. Indonesia’s opposition to the union sparked the contentious relations between the two. The council will simulate this historical event, setting the alternative course of history.
Yugoslav War was a dark time of human history with series of warfare and bloodshed. This event of history then led to adoption of resolutions 808 and 827 in the year of 1993 to create first international criminal tribunal with their mandate: the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The case of war criminal Halilovic Strugar will require the delegates as judges, defense counsels and the prosecutors, who shall enact their duty and functions in accordance with the ICTY statute and principles that is applicable in the jurisdiction in the tribunal.
Press council is integral part of public sector decision-making. Press enables wide transparency, signifying public's role to monitor public affairs and government's actions. This year's JOINMUN will dare delegates ability as press agencies to inform the mass public about the discussions going on in the intergovernmental organizations as well as raise critical questions upon the issue to the key actors at play.